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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2003

A database on downward shortwave radiation for Africa and Europe

Mireille Lefèvre
Sylvain Cros
Lucien Wald


Shortwave (SW) radiation is an element of the radiation budget, an essential component in climate studies. The network of stations measuring radiation is very scarce in the ocean and coastal areas.[1] and [2] demonstrate that a proper processing of satellite data provides better results than interpolation techniques. Several methods are available for the conversion of spaceborne observations made in the visible range by geostationnary satellites into SW radiation available at ocean level. Our concern is the series of Meteosat satellites that observe Africa, Europe and the Eastern Atlantic Ocean for several years. When operated on a routine basis, many of these methods exhibit several drawbacks, one of them being the poor accuracy in irradiance [3]. We designed a new method that is capable of processing long time-series of images acquired by the series of sensors aboard the Meteosat satellites. The method is using the same principle than several methods of proven quality: [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]. With respect to these methods, the new one, called Heliosat-II, offers several improvements in operation and accuracy. These improvements are due to several causes: (i) the Meteosat data are calibrated and converted into radiances [12]; (ii) we use a new database of monthly values of the atmospheric optical turbidity for clear skies available on cells of 5’ of arc angle in size (SoDa Web site: http://www.soda-is.com); (iii) we use terrain elevation TerrainBase database using the same cell size (useful for land / ocean separation); (iv) a better modelling of the irradiation under clear-skies and overcast skies was performed [13]; (v) more physical description of the optical processes was made possible by the calibration step; known proven models are implemented in the method; (vi) observations of [14] were used to model the spatial distribution of radiances of the very thick clouds; (vii) changes in ocean albedo due to sun glitter are taken into account. We made comparisons between satellite-derived assessments and measurements performed in the world radiation network in Europe and Africa. The results depend upon the number of pixels whose values are averaged for the comparison with the irradiation measurements. The satellite data are in B2 format. This format results from a sub-sampling of the high-resolution data. Briefly written, one pixel out of six original pixels is kept. Estimates at the geographical locations of the stations are therefore produced by spatial interpolation [15]. These estimates were compared to observations made by 60 stations in Europe and 30 stations in Africa for one year, July 1994 to June 1995. The bias and root mean square error (RMSE) for the assessment of the irradiance for a month are better than respectively 3 and 17 W m-2 on cells of 5' of arc angle in size (approx. 10 km at mid-latitude). The RMSE decreases down to 9 W m-2 if assessments are averaged over cells of 0.5° of arc angle. Data in B2 format were collected from Eumetsat. They were quality-controlled and calibrated. The method Heliosat-II is being operated to produce a database of SW downward radiation for the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Europe and Africa from 1985 onwards and for each day. This database is accessible through the SoDa service on a free basis [16] (http://www.soda-is.com). Further, tools are available through this service to estimate longwave downward irradiance and net irradiance from the SW downward irradiance. The Heliosat-II method can be operated in real-time. When applied to Meteosat data (MOP and MSG), it produces maps of downward SW irradiance within the hour following the acquisition. 1 Perez R., Seals R., Zelenka A., 1997, Comparing satellite remote sensing and ground network measurements for the production of site/time specific irradiance data, Solar Energy, 60, 89-96. 2 Zelenka A., Perez R., Seals R., and Renné D., 1999, Effective accuracy of satellite-derived hourly irradiances, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 62, 199-207. 3 Rigollier C., Wald L., 1999, The HelioClim Project: from satellite images to solar radiation maps. In Proceedings of the ISES Solar World Congress 1999, Jerusalem, Israel, July 4-9, 1999, volume I, pp 427-431. 4 Pastre C., 1981, Développement d’une méthode de détermination du rayonnement solaire global à partir des données Meteosat, La Météorologie, VIe série N°24, mars 1981. 5 Möser W., Raschke E., 1983, Mapping of global radiation and of cloudiness from Meteosat image data: theory and ground truth comparisons, Meteorologische Rundschau, 36, 33-41. 6 Möser W., Raschke E., 1984, Incident solar radiation over Europe estimated from Meteosat data, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 23, 166-170. 7 Cano D., Monget J.M., Albuisson M., Guillard H., Regas N., Wald L., 1986, A method for the determination of the global solar radiation from meteorological satellite data, Solar Energy, 37, 31-39. 8 Diabaté L., Demarcq H., Michaud-Regas N., Wald L., 1988, Estimating incident solar radiation at the surface from images of the Earth transmitted by geostationary satellites: the Heliosat Project, International Journal of Solar Energy, 5, 261-278. 9 Beyer H.G., Costanzo C., Heinemann D., 1996, Modifications of the Heliosat procedure for irradiance estimates from satellite images, Solar Energy, 56, 3, 207-212. 10 Stuhlmann R., Rieland M., Raschke E., 1990, An improvement of the IGMK model to derive total and diffuse solar radiation at the surface from satellite data, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 29, 596-603. 11 Delorme C., Gallo A., Olivieri J., 1992, Quick use of Wefax images from Meteosat to determine daily solar radiation in France, Solar Energy, 49 (3), 191-197. 12 Rigollier C., Lefèvre M., Blanc Ph., Wald L., 2002. The operational calibration of images taken in the visible channel of the Meteosat-series of satellites. To be published by Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. 13 Rigollier C., Bauer O., Wald L., 1999, On the clear sky model of the 4th European Solar Radiation Atlas with respect to the Heliosat method, Solar Energy, 68(1), 33-48. 14 Taylor V.R., Stowe L.L., 1984, Reflectance characteristics of uniform Earth and cloud surfaces derived from Nimbus 7 ERB, Journal of Geophysical Research, 89(D4), 4987-4996. 15 Lefèvre M., Remund J., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2002, Study of effective distances for interpolation schemes in meteorology. European Geophysical Society, 27th General Assembly, Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 4, April 2002, EGS02-A-03429. 16 Wald L., 2000. SoDa: a project for the integration and exploitation of networked solar radiation databases. In Proceedings of the European Geophysical Society Meeting, XXV General Assembly (CD-ROM).
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hal-01495355 , version 1 (24-03-2017)


  • HAL Id : hal-01495355 , version 1


Mireille Lefèvre, Sylvain Cros, Michel Albuisson, Lucien Wald. A database on downward shortwave radiation for Africa and Europe. EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Apr 2003, Nice, France. ⟨hal-01495355⟩
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