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Article Dans Une Revue Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing Année : 2016

Lignocellulosic fiber breakage in a molten polymer. Part 1. Qualitative analysis using rheo-optical observations

Résumé

Understanding how lignocellulosic fibers break during compounding and shaping processes (e.g. extrusion, injection) is of the greatest importance for mastering fiber size evolution and thus predicting composite mechanical properties. In this first paper of a series devoted to this topic, rheo-optical experiments were used for a direct observation of fibers’ behavior when sheared in a molten thermoplastic matrix. Fibers from four vegetal species were studied: hemp, flax, sisal and miscanthus. While possessing different morphological, composition and mechanical characteristics, these fibers also display different preponderant breakage mechanisms. We were able to distinguish fibers breakage (i) in a fragile way (flax and sisal), (ii) by fatigue, i.e. cumulated strain (hemp), or (iii) by peeling (miscanthus). Each fiber type is qualitatively classified according to these categories and correlations with lignin and hemicellulose contents are discussed.

Domaines

Matériaux
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Dates et versions

hal-01411790 , version 1 (07-12-2016)

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Paternité - Partage selon les Conditions Initiales

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Citer

Romain Castellani, Erika Di Giuseppe, Johnny Beaugrand, Sandrine Dobosz, Françoise Berzin, et al.. Lignocellulosic fiber breakage in a molten polymer. Part 1. Qualitative analysis using rheo-optical observations. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2016, 91 (1), pp.229 - 237. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.10.015⟩. ⟨hal-01411790⟩
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