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Chapitre D'ouvrage Année : 2011

Simulator Studies: The Next Best Thing?


The chapter describes the history of simulator studies in Human Factors research, and the roots in structural psychology and Scientific Management. Following that, the establishment and development of HAMMLAB is considered relative to the events and concerns of the early 1980s. After a short discussion of the use of simulated worlds, the changing conditions for human factors research are identified. These are the change from human-computer interaction to distributed cognition, the change from first to second generation HRA leading to the gradual irrelevance of HRA, the change human-machine systems to joint cognitive systems, the change from normal accidents to intractable systems, and the change from system safety to resilience engineering. The conclusion is that when the nature of work and the practical problems change, the methods and models should also change.

Mots clés

Dates et versions

hal-00613406 , version 1 (04-08-2011)



Erik Hollnagel. Simulator Studies: The Next Best Thing?. Skjerve, Ann Britt; Bye, Andreas (Eds.). Simulator-based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years. The History of the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory., Springer Verlag, pp.75-90 - ISBN 978-0-85729-002-1, 2011, ⟨10.1007/978-0-85729-003-8_5⟩. ⟨hal-00613406⟩
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